What is the world’s most popular fruit? Name the most obese U.S. President (Body Mass Index). These questions and more are addressed in Traveling Boy’s 31st installment of Global Travel Trivia Games. No masks required, and no one will see your answers except for you.
Global Trivia 31
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What is the world’s most popular fruit?
Although tomatoes are considered as a vegetable in many culinary communities, they are classified as a fruit by botanical/scientific descriptors of fruits and vegetables. By that description, tomatoes hold the title for the world’s most consumed fruit! In fact, tomatoes are considered a must-have in most households around the world. The annual production of tomatoes stands at 170.75 million metric tons. Tomatoes are produced through normal farming, but mostly through irrigation and greenhouses. Tomatoes can be consumed raw or cooked. In addition, several metric tons of tomatoes are processed to form sauces, most of which are used to make pizza (San Marzano tomatoes in Italy) and pasta.
The banana is almost everyone’s darling across the world. The annual consumption of bananas stands at 114.13 million metric tons. They are mostly consumed ripe in most parts of the world. However, raw bananas are also cooked in some parts of the world. Bananas are also used to make flavors that are used to bake cakes. They are a preferred fruit because of their availability all year round and their high nutritional value.
Annual consumption of watermelon in the world is at 111 million metric tons. Watermelons are readily available in most parts of the world, even in dry area where most fruits would not thrive. Watermelons grow well in mild conditions and only take a few months to mature. Besides, as cultivating watermelon is less labor intensive than other fruits, farmers prefer it over other crops. The watermelon's sweetness and nutritional value make it among the most preferred fruits.
An apple a day keeps the doctor away, they say. Apple is the fourth most consumed fruit in the world with an annual consumption of approximately 84.63 million metric tons. Apples are not produced in most parts of the world. However, the top world’s producers like China, the US, Turkey, and Poland export their surplus production to the countries whose production cannot sustain the consumption demand. Apples are preferred for their nutritional value. They can be consumed raw or cooked, or as apple juice. Apples are also good antioxidants.
Grapefruits are the fifth most consumed fruit in the world. The annual world’s consumption of grapefruits stands at 83.97 million metric tons. The nutritional value of grapefruit makes it among the topmost consumed fruits. It is rich in vitamin C. Besides nutritional value, grapefruits are also consumed in most parts of the world due to their medicinal properties. Grapefruit can be consumed as a fruit or as a juice.
Which country has the most islands?
1. Sweden - 221,800
Sweden has an estimated total of 221,800 islands, the majority of which are not inhabited. This number means that Sweden most likely has more islands than anywhere else in the world. Even the capital of the country, Stockholm, is an archipelago of fourteen islands connected with over 50 bridges and also has the medieval town of Gamla Stan, museums, and royal palaces. The island of Öland has well-maintained beaches, a castle, and structures that date 5,000 years back, thus making the island a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other islands offer good sites for swimming, fishing, and other water sports.
2. Finland - 188,000
The Finnish Tourism Board acknowledges that the country has 179,584 islands, 98,050 of which are within the 188,000 lakes of the country. Only 455 of these islands have permanent settlements and use waterway connections to the mainland as they do not have connective road services. Over 700 are relatively large, with more than 0.39 square miles in area, and have road connections to the mainland. The other tens of thousands serve recreation, expedition, research, or other purposes. Various facilities are available to visitors including horse riding, kayaking, and fishing, among many others.
3. Norway - 55,000
The northern European country of Norway has over 55,000 islands. In fact, there are so many islands that it is hard to calculate exactly how long the coastline of Norway is, with estimates ranging anywhere from 25,000 km to 83,000 km. The largest island in Norway is Spitsbergen, the only inhabited island in Svalbard.
4. Canada - 52,455
According to Statistics Canada, Canada has 52,455 islands within its borders. The largest of them is Baffin Island which covers 195,927.93 square miles. Around 30,000 islands are within Georgian Bay making them one of the largest archipelago in fresh waters. A total of 1,864 islands are in the Saint Lawrence River. Canada has named 129 island groups and 1,016 islands of which 250 are uninhabited. Of the total, seventeen islands have more than 3861.02 square miles of area. To the north of mainland Canada, there is the Canadian Archipelago within which the Queen Elizabeth Islands and Manitoulin Island lay. Manitoulin Island is the biggest freshwater island in the world and has 17 lakes on it which in turn have smaller islands.
5. Indonesia - 17,508
The Republic of Indonesia is an archipelago of mostly volcanic islands located in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania. The CIA World Factbook estimates that there are 17,508 islands in the country. Indonesia is the 14th largest country in the world by land area. Major islands in Indonesia include the Malaku and Sunda groups of islands. The Sunda Islands host the island of Java on which the capital, Jakarta, lies. Indonesian islands are popular for their unique beaches, volcanoes, prehistoric items, limestone cliffs, and rich wildlife including forests, elephants, tigers and many others. The wildlife and culture of Indonesia make it among the top tourist destinations on the planet.
Name the person who DID NOT believe in “Eugenics.”
An important point of difference between Italian Fascist Benito Mussolini and Nazi Adolf Hitler were their racial views. Mussolini, like Hitler, considered white Europeans to be the architects of civilization and culture – but his views on race did not extend to hateful anti-Semitism or eugenics. Mussolini was an Italian nationalist who often harked back to the glory and triumphs of ancient Rome. He was therefore scornful of Hitler’s rants about Aryan supremacy. In one speech, the Italian leader expressed "pity" for the racial views being expressed by the Nazis; in comparison he championed, "the descendants of those who were illiterate when Rome had Caesar, Virgil and Augustus."
Charles Darwin’s 1883 work on evolution and eugenics encouraged societies to promote marriage between only the fittest of individuals; in other words, no race mixing. According to a leading eugenicist of that time, Caucasians were considered the very best race, and other races were secondary. The theory of eugenics is based on the bizarre notion that mankind’s good gene pool (white race) was shrinking. Bad genes were multiplying faster than good ones, according to its science. According to its supporters, the shrinking pool of good genes was not totally due to race mixing; it was also a result of mixing good genes with those of inferior heredity – misfits, mentally handicapped, criminals, and others. In reality, there was no science, and eugenics was really a twisted social program with the intent of ridding the universe of what its supporters felt were inferior people. The eugenics movement influenced many of the brightest minds in the world, including Woodrow Wilson, Winston Churchill, Alexander Graham Bell, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Oliver Wendell Holmes, Theodore Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler.
Perhaps the deeply religious Woodrow Wilson missed the Bible lesson (Genesis: 1:27) that said, "So God created man in His own image, in the image of God." Wilson whole-heartedly believed in the science of eugenics. Eugenics was a field of science created for one and only one purpose: to legitimize racist beliefs. Wilson used his political power to enact laws that turned his beliefs about race and eugenics into legislation. In 1907, Woodrow Wilson campaigned in Indiana for the compulsory sterilization of criminals and the mentally retarded; and in 1907, a new law passed in Indiana for the involuntary sterilization of "confirmed criminals, idiots, imbeciles and rapists." About 2500 sterilizations were carried out in the state. Although it was eventually found to be unconstitutional, this law is widely regarded as the first eugenics sterilization legislation passed in the world.
Churchill and the Sterilization Issue
Despite Winston Churchill’s carefully orchestrated image as the man who stood alone against Nazi Germany, he shared one thing in common with his World War II foes: an enthusiasm for eugenics. As the Home Secretary in 1910, Churchill asked officials to consider sterilizing and preventing the marriage of people with mental illnesses and learning disabilities. He was also in favor of the confinement and segregation of a class of persons contemporarily described as the "feeble minded." "The multiplication of the feeble-minded is a very terrible danger to the race," he wrote in a memo to the Prime Minister. A year later, he argued in Parliament for the introduction of forced labor camps for "mental defectives." Churchill believed that eugenics could solve race deterioration and reduce crime and poverty. He maintained that if fewer 'feebleminded' individuals were born, less crime would take place.
Churchill’s views were reinforced by his experiences as a young British officer serving and fighting in Arab and Muslim lands, and in South Africa. He regarded races as different, racial characteristics as signs of the maturity of a society, and racial purity as endangered not only by other races but by mental weaknesses within a race. As a young politician in Britain entering Parliament in 1901, Churchill saw what were then known as the "feeble-minded" and the "insane" as a threat to the prosperity, vigor and virility of British society.
Eugenics and Sterilization in Nazi Germany
In organizing their eugenics program, the Nazis were inspired by the United States' programs of forced sterilization, especially on the eugenics laws enacted in Indiana. In 1933, the new Nazi Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring allowed the compulsory sterilization of any citizen who according to the opinion of a "Genetic Health Court" suffered from a list of alleged genetic disorders and required physicians to register every case of hereditary illness. By 1945, the Nazis had sterilized an estimated 300,000 to 450,000 people. Some of these people soon after their sterilization became victims of the Nazi euthanasia program. Those who did survive were forced to live with the loss of rights and invasion of their persons as well as a future of knowing that they would never be able to have children.
Name the person who did not speak with a stutter.
Aristotle: 384 BC – 322 BC (Greek philosopher and writer )
Nat King Cole: 1919 -1965 (American musician)
King George VI: 1895–1952 (King of the United Kingdom)
Joni Mitchell: 1943 – (Canadian Musician)
James Earl Jones: 1931 – (American actor)
Stuttering affects people of all ages and of all walks of life. People who stutter often think they’re alone and become embarrassed by their speech impediments. However, the truth is that they are not alone and that many people are affected by stuttering. Even people that we look up to and see on television have had issues in the past or even currently have difficulty with stuttering. We hope that these individuals inspire you to know you are not alone in the struggle and can overcome this speech adversity.
Aristotle: considered in the ancient world as having a 'malfunction tongue.'
King George VI: struggled to overcome a severe stammer that had stayed with him since childhood. Even through this adversity, King George VI was able to deliver an inspiring live radio address on September 3, 1939, as Britain entered World War II.
Nat King Cole: in an interview, Cole biographer, Daniel Epstein states that Cole had a stutter as a child and a bit of a lisp which you can hear in the early recordings in his career.
James Earl Jones: as a child, had difficulties with articulating his words and had a stammer that lasted until he was in high school. In high school, a teacher made him recite poetry in front of the class, which lead to worldwide esteem as stage and screen actor.
Name the most obese U.S. President (Body Mass Index).
William Howard Taft
The Obese Presidents Club
|William Howard Taft||42.3||332 lb.|
|Grover Cleveland||34.6||275 lb.|
|William McKinley||31.1||233 lb.|
|Zachary Taylor||30.2||230 lb.|
|Donald Trump*||30.0||245 lb.|
*Though some members of the medical community suspect his weight at 285 lbs.
Bonus Question: Name the tallest U.S. Presidents.
A. Thomas Jefferson
B. Lyndon Johnson
C. Abraham Lincoln
D. Franklin D. Roosevelt
E. Barack Obama
F. Donald Trump
Answer: C: Abraham Lincoln; 6' 4"
Four-way tie: George Washington, Franklin D. Roosevelt, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton; each at 6' 2"
The 6' 1" Donald Trump claims to be 6' 3" (1.91m) due to fear of being listed as morbidly obese. Plus some insider doctors suspect his weight is 285 lbs.
|Abraham Lincoln||6' 4'' / 1.93 m|
|Lyndon Johnson||6' 3'' / 1.91 m|
|Thomas Jefferson||6' 2.5'' / 1.89 m|
|Franklin D. Roosevelt||6' 2'' / 1.88 m|
|George Washington||6' 2'' / 1.88 m|
|George H.W. Bush||6' 2'' / 1.88 m|
|Bill Clinton||6' 2'' / 1.88 m|
|Andrew Jackson||6' 1'' / 1.85 m|
|Chester Arthur||6' 1'' / 1.85 m|
|Ronald Reagan||6' 1'' / 1.85 m|
|Barack Obama||6' 1'' / 1.85 m|
|Donald Trump||6' 1'' / 1.85 m|